Have you ever felt like something was off with your body, but you weren’t sure what was causing it? When something isn’t quite right with our bodies, we often experience symptoms. Symptoms are the body’s way of letting us know that there’s an underlying problem.
On the surface, blurred vision, slow healing of wounds and constant hunger don’t seem to be related. But if you put them together, you might be able to find out what’s really going on. These are all symptoms of high blood sugar.
Blood in the human body naturally contains sugar in the form of glucose. The right amount of blood sugar provides energy to the body’s cells and organs. In order to keep blood sugar levels at a healthy range, the body needs insulin.
Insulin is a hormone that takes blood sugar and delivers it to the body’s cells. In people with type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. In those suffering from type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but it is unable to use it properly.
What causes high blood sugar?
When you are sick or stressed out, your body produces hormones to combat illness and stress. This can end up triggering high blood sugar. Other causes of high blood sugar include:
Not enough insulin or oral diabetes medication
Eating or drinking more carbohydrates than usual
Less activity or exercise than usual
Illness or infection
Injury or surgery
When the blood sugar levels are high for a prolonged period, they can damage the blood vessels and cause further problems. High blood sugar levels can cause a stroke, kidney failure and loss of eyesight, as well as nerve problems in the skin which can result in sores or infections.
Being able to recognize the symptoms of high blood sugar can help you catch it early and prevent it from causing permanent damage.
1. Numbness and tingling in the arms and legs: Numbness and tingling in the arms and legs is one of the earliest symptoms of diabetes and occurs due to the damage in the nerves in the limbs.
2. Constant hunger: Low blood sugar levels will make you constantly hungry. This can lead to overeating and obesity, another disease related to diabetes.
3. A frequent urge to urinate: If you’re feeling the need to urinate often, you might be suffering from high blood sugar levels.
4. Increased thirst: High glucose levels in the body can also make you thirsty all the time, and is one of the biggest indicators of diabetes.
5. Fatigue: When the body cells don’t receive sufficient amounts of glucose, the cells won’t be able to function as they should, resulting in overall weakness and fatigue.
6. Sudden weight loss or gain: Low sugar levels in the blood can make the body burn muscle instead of fat, resulting in sudden weight loss. High glucose levels have also been associated with weight gain, so if you’re suddenly gained or lost weight, you might want to visit your doctor.
7. Loss of focus: Any kind of imbalance in the body including the blood sugar levels can cause loss of focus and memory problems as well.
8. Slow healing of wounds: As we already mentioned, high glucose levels can damage the nerves, resulting in very slow healing of cuts and wounds.
9. Blurry vision and dizziness: Sudden dizziness and blurry vision are not to be ignored as it’s one of the most widely recognized symptoms of high blood sugar levels and diabetes.